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08-Apr-2014.By: Anonymous


Cleanliness is one of the basic needs of a human’s life. Yes cleanliness is necessary to gain a perfect health and personality. Now the question is why is cleanliness so important? Why are we always told to clean our house, clean our place and clean everything around you? 

I am sure you know that your surrounding is where you spend majority of your days. It plays an important role in your well being both physically and mentally. That is why the disparity in the behaviour and character of persons coming from different surrounding conditions vary. A neat and clean surrounding will definitely reflect in one’s habits and behaviours. A poor living condition affects our wellbeing and gives room for the growth of germs and spread of disease.

You would be dazed to know that about 2.4billion people in the world live in very unhealthy, unsanitary conditions

Do you know why?

Many people don’t have good housing, access to clean water, proper garbage collection and disposal. Furthermore many day to day unsanitary habits like littering the surrounding with waste rather than dumping in a bin, clogging the drainage with household rubbish etc contributes to creating an unsafe and unsuitable living environment.

The lack of basic facilities and services, especially when combined with poor hygiene habits, significantly increases the spread of many serious infectious diseases. In many countries, diseases associated to poor sanitation are among the major causes of death.

Poor disposal of human waste is one of the major threats to human health. Bacteria, virus and parasites are hugely found in human waste. If indisposed properly, i.e. when left in the open, close to populated areas or near peoples home, can spread diseases easily. 

Practicing open defecation is very hazardous. When people or animals defecate in the open, flies and other pests feed on the faeces, carry germs on their feet and pass them on to people, surfaces and food.

Faeces left in the open can be washed by rain into wells, streams and other sources of water that people use for drinking and for bathing. In a situation whereby inadequate toilet facilities or latrines are not available for the safe disposal of human waste, people should bury their waste safely, so that it does not contaminate people, animals and water sources. Indoor and outdoor toilet facilities need to be kept clean and free from germs to avoid spreading diseases.

If you don’t dispose of faeces properly and you are wondering why cholera, typhoid and dysentery are your regular visitors then you should not search far, as you are the cause of your predicament.

Poor removal and disposal of household garbage and trash are also a threat to people’s health. People leave garbage piled up around people’s homes attracting insects, rodents and other pests that can spread diseases. 

If you have a huge trash can outside your compound ensure you neatly dispose your garbage in them and cover the bin. Rodents like rats, insects and other pest won’t be attracted to them, let alone feed on them. At least it would save people some money on purchasing rat killers and people would live healthy. Funny! right?

Garbage emptied into rivers, lakes and other water sources will contaminate the water and spread diseases. In addition to being a health risk, garbage that is allowed to build up in and around where we live, work and play is unsightly, smelly, and degrades the quality of life. 

Good household cleaning will reduce the spread of germs and help protect the family from diseases. You can prevent the build-up of dirt, germs, moulds and insects that can cause illness and disease by cleaning frequently and regularly. Keeping all areas of the house clean is important, most especially the kitchen, eating areas, toilet and bathing facilities clean. They are very sensitive areas in the house, as they can aid the growth and spread of germs and bacteria easily. Toilet and bathing facilities need to be cleaned very often to prevent the spread of germs from dirty hands and human waste. Washbasins, bathtubs and toilets should be cleaned with disinfectants and bleach. Don’t leave your bathroom waste, including diapers and sanitary towel for a week, neatly dispose of them.

Food storage, preparation, cooking and eating areas should be cleaned after every meal. Floors should be swept and mopped; kitchen garbage should be removed daily. All surfaces and utensils should be thoroughly washed with soap and clean water or with disinfectants that kill many types of germs.
All cloths, sponges, rags, mops and other articles used for cleaning should be washed and changed as they become soiled. People tend to use their kitchen sponge till it is virtually useless. It shouldn't be so. They harbour germs after a while so it is better to change it at most 3 months. Use different cleaning cloths for different rooms and areas and replace them often. It is not advisable to use the napkin for cleaning your plates to clean your hands and dust the table.

Keeping the air fresh in the house will help reduce moisture and humidity which encourage the growth of mould and the breeding of insects. Opening windows and doors to let in fresh air will clear the air of wood and tobacco smoke and fumes from gas-burning furnaces and cookers. Smoke from solid cooking fuels such as wood, charcoal and animal dung, can lead to respiratory and eye infections and other health problems. Dust can lead to respiratory problems and can be dangerous for people with allergies, asthma and other breathing problems.

A dusty environment and poor circulation of fresh air in the house (ventilation) make the spread of tuberculosis (an infectious disease primarily attacking the lungs) easier. Changing the air frequently and keeping the house free from dust can help reduce and prevent these problems.


Last Updated: 13-Jul-2017 10:09 AM





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